雅思阅读长难句之倒装句实例解析

2019/07/03 作者:小贵贵

  学为贵教育专注雅思培训-学为贵刘洪波雅思培训怎么样?雅思培训哪里好?

解析长难句是很多考生面对雅思阅读的一大难关,而长难句中的倒装句难上加难。小贵贵带来雅思阅读倒装句实例解读,希望对大家有所帮助。

 1.Down came the “white only” notices in buses, hotels, trains,
restaurants,sporting events, rest rooms and on park benches that once
could be foundeverywhere throughout the South.

  结构

  全句有2个谓语动词:came,could
be。其中主句的是:came。按照正常语序句子主干应该是:The “white only” notices… came
down.Notices后面的介词短语,作为后置定语修饰notices。介词短语后面还有一个that引导的定语从句修饰notices。为了避免主语部分过于冗长,因而将主谓倒装。

  2.由否定词(not/never/little/no sooner/notuntil/hardly/rarely/scarcely/seldom/nowhere)开头的句子引起部分倒装.

  Little did we expect that he would fulfill his task so rapidly.

  No sooner do I get one problem settled before another appears.

  3.Splendid is the architecture of Manhattan, the heart of the city, withits hundred and more skyscrapers.

  结构

  全句只有1个谓语动词:is。本句是一个完全倒装句。按照正常语序应该是:The
architecture of Manhattan, the heartof the city, with its hundred and
more skyscrapers, is splendid.

  4.从属连接词 “no sooner..than, scarcely..when, hardly..when”等表示“一…就…”概念时,且“nosooner, scarcely,hardly”置于旬首时,引起部分倒装。此结构中的谓语动词用“过去完成时(从句)+过去时(主句)”

  Hardly had he arrived when she heard the telephone ring.

  No sooner had we gone home than it began to rain heavily.

  5.Worse perhaps was the idea of Saturday afternoon cricket; most of myfriends would be enjoying leisure at that time.

  结构

  全句有2个谓语动词:was和would be。整句话由两个简单句构成,其中第一个简单句是一个完全倒装句,按照正常语序应该是:The idea ofSaturday afternoon cricket was perhaps worse。

  6.虚拟条件句中若有“were,should,had”时。可省略“if”,引起部分倒装。

  Should it rain tomorrow, I shall stay at home.

  Were I you,1 wouldn’t buy this book.

  7.Only when he has lost his way does he realize that he wasn’t carefulenough to make sure that he really did understand.

  结构

  全句有4个谓语动词:has,does
realize,wasn’t和did
understand.。其中主句的是:doesrealize。本句话是以only开头的强调句,其所强调的是when引导的条件状语从句。第一个that引导的是realize的宾语从句。第一个that引导的是makesure的宾语从句。

  8.Were
it left to me to decide whether we should have a government
withoutnewspapers or newspapers without government, I should not
hesitate a moment toprefer the latter.

  结构 全句有3个谓语动词:were,should
have和should
hesitate。其中主句的是:shouldhesitate。本句是一个条件式虚拟倒装句。前半部分是一个if引导的条件状语从句,按照正常语序为:If
it were left to me todecide…。whether引导的是decide的宾语从句。

  9.当“So…that”中的“so”位于句首时,引起部分倒装;如果谓语为“be”,则引起全部倒装。其构成倒装的基本结构为“So+形容词/情态动词/tobe十主语”

  So fast did he run that I couldn’t keep up with him.

  So loudly did he speak that students at the back heard him clearly.


 1559546223(1).png

更多雅思资讯,请关注学为贵教育官网!届时,小贵贵将为广大贵粉们提供准确、及时、专业的雅思信息。


评论
发布
最新评论