雅思阅读每日一练:单选中的指代

2018/06/11 作者:小贵贵

  学为贵雅思培训-北京雅思培训班哪家好项目部提供:雅思阅读每日一练:单选中的指代。


  雅思阅读每日一练系列是由学为贵阅读名师郭佳荣老师(@郭佳荣-学为贵)整理发布的,从2018年6月6日起开始,大荣荣老师会带着大家慢慢掌握“真经派”阅读的内功,每天坚持10分钟,阅读就会有提高。本期为第四期,主讲内容是雅思阅读每日一练:单选中的指代。


  “真经标注法”是学为贵的核心内功修炼最好的方法,在做晚题之后,按照此方法修炼,每10天提高0.5分。


  我给大家的例子:


  Passage:


  It has been given the name 'facial vision‘, because blind people have reported that it feels a bit like the sense of touch, on the face.


  Question:


  Blind people report that so-called 'facial vision' is comparable to the sensation of touch on the face.


  我看出的替换有:


  1.  blind people=blind people


  2.  report that=have reported that


  3.  so-called=given the name;其中因为原文because引导为“前果后因”因此有'facial vision' 这个名词的地方为“果”因此在改写是加了“so”。


  4.   'facial vision'='facial vision’; 原文中it也为‘facial vision'


  5.   is comparable to=feels a bit like


  6.   the sensation of touch= the sense of touch


  7.   on the face=on the face


  意为尽可能多的找出题目和原文之间的同义近义转换:既增强了同义替换的敏感度,也提高了找同义替换的速度,在多次看句子找同义替换的过程中,也强化了读句子的能力… …(好处很多,重在坚持)


  今天的游戏


  今天是周六,让各位看看考指代在雅思中会多么“直抒胸臆,不加修饰”!


  Question:


  What does ' this' refer to in the seventh paragraph?


  A.   the Lapita's seafaring talent


  B.   the Lapita's ability to detect signs of land


  C.   the Lapita's extensive knowledge of the region


  D.   the Lapita's belief they would be able to return home


  会发现这道题题干太直白,就是考指代,思路很清晰,回到原文中找到this,往哪读?留下思路和答案。


  6月9日:考指代之“单选题”


  Passage:


  The Lapita's thrust into the Pacific was eastward, against the prevailing trade winds, Irwin notes. Those nagging headwinds, he argues, may have been the key to success. ' they could sail out for days into the unknown and assess the area, secure in the knowledge that if they didn't find anything, they could turn about and catch a swift ride back on the trade winds. This is what would have made the whole thing work.'


  注:本次的练习(替换)将在下一期中解惑答疑。


  答案不重要,更重要的是有几组替换!!


  每个同学以转发的方式打卡,我会每天抽3名学生留言点评。


  报名6月17日雅思阅读真经高分班的同学我会在高分班QQ群里每日公布答案,进行分析,答疑,解惑。


  最后希望每个同学在我的帮助下都可以有所提高。


  第三天解析!


  Passage:


  However, developing qualities requires mastering a range of skills which are diverse and sometimes surprising. For example, to bring more joy and passion into your life, you must be open to experiencing negative emotions. Cultivating such qualities will help you realize your full potential.


  Question:


  However, regardless of the quality, it is necessary to learn a wide variety of different _____ in order for a new quality to develop, for example, a person must understand and feel some _____ in order to increase their happiness.


  你们感受到了“抽象-具体”了吗?


  我的理解:


  1.    however = however


  2.    regardless of the quality = 原文中qualities(不管什么quality,不就是指无论什么quality嘛,不就是quality的复数qualities嘛)


  3.    necessary = requires(阅读高频考点,记忆)


  4.    mastering = learn(阅读重点,必须记忆)


  5.    a wide variety of = a range of (考查“多”的替换,去我微博里搜 #跟着大荣荣弱化阅读替换词# 话题,“第一期合集”中找到“多”和“大”的替换清单,记忆)


  6.    different = diverse(原文 skills which…,which 引导的句子相当于“长形容词”修饰skills。)


  7.    a new quality to develop = developing qualities


  8.    for example = for example (思考:若说for example = sth which… 中的which,能理解吗?)


  9.     a person = in your life,you


  10.     must = must


  11.     understand and feel = open to experience(“抽象-具体”的改写)


  12.    in order to = to bring


  13.    increase = more


  14.    happiness = joy and passion(“抽象-具体”的改写)


  这3天得练习主要说了3个点:


  1.    “真经标注法”(在平时学习中要尽可能的多找“替换”来丰富我们对于阅读的认识,从而强化对于阅读的理解,随着每天看到,找到替换的增多,阅读实力也在潜移默化中提升。)


  2.    考指代:伴随着雅思阅读的核心“快速提取文章核心内容”所必须具备的能力。不然matching题将举步维艰。


  抽象-具体(“同义替换”的3大方式之一)未来学习中自己体会。


  (本文由学为贵郭佳荣老师(@郭佳荣-学为贵)提供)


  最后预祝广大考生都能早日屠鸭成功!



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