干货必看:11组雅思环保类词组搭配解析

2018/06/04 作者:小贵贵

  学为贵雅思培训-北京雅思培训班哪家好项目部提供:干货必看:11组雅思环保类词组搭配解析。


  11组雅思环保类词组搭配解析


  1) promote the efficient use of energy 提高能源的有效利用


  2) be a less-than-desirable solution 一个不尽如人意的解决方法


  3) manner in a more environmentally responsible way  以更加环保负责任型来行为


  4) take the lead in doing sth. 带头做某事


  5) consume energy, create waste and increase pollution 消耗能源,产生废物和带来污染


  6) encourage waste recycling  鼓励垃圾回收


  7) cut/reduce carbon emissions 减少碳排放


  8) produce a large amount of waste 产生大量垃圾


  9) reduce the environmental impact of  减少环境影响


  10) combat air pollution 对抗空气污染


  11) reduction in one's carbon footprints 减少碳足迹


  例句练习:


  1) promote the efficient use of energy 提高能源的有效利用


  提高能源的有效利用是节约能源的其中一个有效的解决办法之一。


  Promoting the efficient use of energy is one of the effective measures to cut back on energy use.


  讲解:


  l 拓展学习:promote the efficient use of energy = improve energy efficiency。


  l energy use= energy consumption 能源消耗/使用。


  l cut back on 削减, 这里相当于reduce。


  l 注意动名词做主语,谓语动词用单数形式。


  2) be a less-than-desirable solution 一个不尽如人意的解决方法


  提高燃油价来解决环境问题是一个不尽如人意的解决办法, 在依赖汽车出行的人当中尤其不受欢迎。


  Increasing the price of petrol to tackle the environmental problems is a less-than-desirable solution, especially unwelcome among those who rely heavily on cars to drive around.


  讲解:


  l 注意petrol是英式拼写,表示“汽油”,等于gasoline(美拼)。


  l unwelcome 形容词,在该句的用法是做原因状语。


  3) manner in a more environmentally responsible way  以更加环保负责任型来行为


  一旦游客了解他们的行为给当地文化和环境带来的负面影响,他们便能够更好的规范自己的行为


  Once visitors are well informed about the negative impact of their behaviour on the local culture and environment, they would be more likely to manner in a more environmentally responsible way.


  讲解:


  l 注意once引导的条件状语从句,once是连词,必须要连接两个完整的句子。


  l the negative impact on … 对… 的负面影响,反义词:the positive impact on sth. 对…的积极的影响。


  4) take the lead in doing sth. 带头做某事


  当地政府应该带头制定环保法律,提供公众的环保意识


  The local authorizes should take the lead in enforcing environmental laws and raising the green awareness among the public.


  讲解:


  l 注意词组:green awareness  绿色意识,是比较时尚的表达。


  l should是情态动词,后面只能接动词原形,即should do sth.


  5) consume energy, create waste and increase pollution 消耗能源,产生废物和带来污染


  越来越多的人扔掉大量的食品,包括垃圾桶里的未开封的食品,而没有意识到这种行为可能带来的严重后果,比如消耗能源,产生废物和带来污染


  A growing number of people throw away numerous goods, including the unopened ones in the bin-bags, without realising the dire consequences it brings about, consuming energy, creating waste and increasing pollution.


  讲解:


  l 注意consuming energy, creating waste and increasing pollution,这里是现在分词做状语,进行解释说明。


  l dire是形容词,表示“可怕的,悲惨的”,dire consequence是很好的表达,表示“严重的后果”。


  l consequence 表示“结果,后果”是可数名词,表示“重要性”,是不可数名词,比如It is of no consequence. 这无关紧要。


  6) encourage waste recycling  鼓励垃圾回收


  只要我不想看到我们的资源被用完,我们的地球被垃圾污染,我们就应该减少废物量,鼓励垃圾回收


  As long as we do not want to see our resources used up and our planet poisoned by waste, we should reduce the volume of rubbish and encourage waste recycling.


  讲解:


  l see sth. do 是宾补的用法,used和poisoned 是过去分词表示被动。


  l reduce the volume of rubbish = reduce the amount of waste 减少废物量/垃圾量。


  l 拓展联想:encourage and increase reuse 鼓励和增加循环利用。


  7) cut/reduce carbon emissions 减少碳排放


  将清洁能源广泛应用到如新型电动汽车Smart车辆中,是减少碳排放的一个有效方式,尤其是在大城市。


  A wider application of cleaner fuels into vehicles, such as new electric Smart cars could be an effective strategy for cutting carbon emissions, especially in large cities.


  讲解:


  l 注意词组:be an effective strategy for doing sth. 是做某事的有效方式。


  l cut一词很棒,联想表达“裁员”,即cut job/overheads。


  l 拓展学习同意替换:carbon emissions, greenhouse gas emissions 温室气体排放。


  8) produce a large amount of waste 产生大量垃圾


  我认为产生的垃圾量是由于人们倾向于东西只使用一次并且扔掉的结果。


  I think the large amount of waste produced is a result of our tendency to use something once and throw it away.


  讲解:


  l 注意这里是地道搭配的变式 produced是过去分词做后置定语修饰the amount of waste。


  l 注意句式结构:be a result of one's tendency to do sth.  表示“某人倾向于做某事的结果”,这是一个用来解释说明的一个很好的句型结构。


  9)reduce the environmental impact of  减少环境影响


  我们应该鼓励公民使用公共交通, 因为这在一定程度上能够减少私家车对环境产生的影响


  Public transport should be encouraged among citizens, as it can somewhat reduce the environmental impact of private cars.


  讲解:


  l 当你不想使用第一人称做主语的时候,可以考虑被动结构来表达同样的含义。


  l somewhat 表示“有点,稍微”,用于句中显得用语更加严谨,不那么绝对。


  l 拓展联想:private car = private vehicles。


  10)combat air pollution 对抗空气污染


  我们需要跨国合作来解决空气污染问题,因为我们都生活在同一个生物圈。


  Cooperation across national boundaries is needed to combat air pollution, as we all share the same biosphere.


  讲解:


  l 拓展联想:combat poverty 对抗贫困。


  l 注意词组:跨国合作也可以用“international cooperation”来表达。


  11) reduction in one's carbon footprints 减少碳足迹


  如果提高的能源价格让私家车主来承受,显然他能在一定程度上减少碳足迹,并缓解交通拥堵。


  If higher fuel costs were imposed on car drivers, this apparently would lead to a certain degree of reduction in residents' carbon footprints and relieve traffic congestion.


  讲解:


  l 拓展联想:reverse the traffic growth trend 改变交通增加的情况;cut traffic volumes 减少交通量。


  l If引导的虚拟语气在雅思写作中常用来表示提出建议,对现在的虚拟:If …were/did…, sb. would do sth.


  l “减少”这里使用reduce的名词形式,变成抽象名词,在句中可以有意识的使用。


  最后预祝广大考生都能早日屠鸭成功!



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